Bianchi, Suzanne M., John P. Robinson, and Melissa A. Milkie. 2006. Changing Rhythms of American Family Life. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Abraham, Katharine G., Sarah M. Flood, Matthew Sobek, and Betsy Thorn. 2011. American Time Use Survey Data Extract System: Version 2.4 [Machine-readable database]. Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, and Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Mattingly, M.J., and Suzanne M. Bianchi. 2003. “Gender Difference in the Quantity and Quality of Free Time: The U.S. Experience,” Social Forces, March 2003, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 999-1030.
Offer, Shira, and Barbara Schneider. 2011 “Revisiting the Gender Gap in Time-Use Patterns: Multitasking and Well-Being among Mothers and Fathers in Dual-Earner Families,” American Sociological Review, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 809-833.
Sayer, Liana C. 2005. “Gender, Time and Inequality: Trends in Women’s and Men’s Paid Work, Unpaid Work and Free Time,” Social Forces, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 285-303.