April 4, 2013

Demographics of Asian Americans

Asian groups in the U.S.

Population Rankings Adult Characteristics

The 20 largest U.S. Asian groups by origin (based on self-described race or ethnicity)

All U.S. Asians -- 17,320,856

TotalIncluding those <18 years old
1
1
Chinese*
4,010,114
2
2
Filipino
3,416,840
3
3
Indian
3,183,063
4
4
Vietnamese
1,737,433
5
5
Korean
1,706,822
6
6
Japanese
1,304,286
7
7
Pakistani
409,163
8
8
Cambodian
276,667
9
11
Hmong
260,073
10
10
Thai
237,583
11
9
Laotian
232,130
12
12
Bangladeshi
147,300
13
15
Burmese
100,200
14
13
Indonesian
95,270
15
15
Nepalese
59,490
16
14
Sri Lankan
45,381
17
15
Malaysian
26,179
18
15
Bhutanese
19,439
19
15
Mongolian
18,344
20
15
Okinawan
11,326
Chinese*
Filipino
Indian
Vietnamese
Korean
Japanese
Pakistani
Cambodian
Hmong
Thai
Laotian
Bangladeshi
Indonesian
Sri Lankan
Malaysian
Foreign born
76%
U.S. citizen
69%
Median age (years)
43
Married
59%
Less than a high school diploma
18%
Bachelor's degree or more
51%
Speaks English less than "very well"
48%
Median household income
$65,050
Living in poverty
14%
Homeownership rate
62%

* Includes 215,441 Taiwanese

Source: The Asian Population: 2010, U.S. Census Bureau, March 2012

Notes: All Asians (and each subgroup) include mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. There is some overlap among groups.

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The demographic data shown here display the varied population sizes and characteristics of the largest Asian origin groups. The numbers shown here come from two Census Bureau sources. The population rankings use counts from the 2010 Census for the total Asian-American population and for 20 Asian origin subgroups. The adult characteristics table is derived from the American Community Survey, and includes 15 subgroups for which the Census Bureau makes data available.

For the population rankings chart, data from the 2010 Census include adults and children and include Asians of mixed-race and mixed-group origin; as a result, there is some overlap among the individual group populations—for example, someone of Chinese and Filipino origin would be counted twice.

For the six largest groups (Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese, Korean and Japanese), data on adult characteristics come from the 2010 American Community Survey and include adults of mixed-race and mixed-group origin. For the remaining groups, data on adult characteristics come from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey and include adults of single-race, single-group origin, because mixed-race or mixed-group estimates are not available from the Census Bureau. All the Asian origin groups include Hispanics.

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