Early immigration for Japanese began in Hawaii, where they were recruited as workers on plantations. In contrast to its policy toward Chinese immigrants, the U.S. government allowed immigration of Japanese women (as spouses) into the U.S., which allowed many Japanese Americans to start families and establish communities. Japanese Americans were the largest Asian-American group from 1910 to 1960 but are now the sixth-largest group.
Full Report: The Rise of Asian Americans
Maps: Explore Asian-American Population Data
Interactive: Demographics by Asian Origin Group
SOURCES: 2010 American Community Survey and other Census Bureau data; Pew Research Center 2012 Asian-American Survey
NOTE: Census data based on mixed-group and mixed-race populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. For Census figures, Chinese includes Taiwanese. For Pew Research survey findings, respondents with more than one Asian heritage are classified based on the group with which they “identify most.” Respondents who identified as Taiwanese or Chinese Taipei are classified as Chinese Americans.