September 8, 2017

Economic characteristics of U.S. Hmong population, 2015

% (unless otherwise noted)

Among Hmong in the U.S.
All Asians
in the U.S.
All U.S. born Foreign born
MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $73,060 $48,000 $48,000 $48,200
MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
All $35,600 $24,000 $19,000 $27,000
Full-time, year-round workers $51,000 $31,000 $30,000 $32,000
EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
Employed 61 59 61 58
Not employed 4 7 8 5
Not in labor force 35 34 31 37
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 6.0 10.0 12.1 8.1
All ages 12.1 28.3 29.1 27.0
Younger than 18 12.0 36.2 33.9 ***
18-64 12.1 23.6 22.6 24.3
65 and older 12.8 20.7 *** 20.6
HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
Owner-occupied 57 44 33 49
Renter-occupied 43 56 67 51

The symbol *** indicates insufficient number of observations to provide a reliable estimate.
Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Due to data limitations, figures for Hmong based on single-race population only, regardless of Hispanic origin. Figures for all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

Pew Research Center