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Fact Sheet

September 8, 2017

Indians in the U.S. Fact Sheet

    MORE FACT SHEETS: ASIANS IN THE U.S.

    Indian population in the U.S., 2000-2015

    Year Population
    2000 1,900,000
    2010 3,183,000
    2015 3,982,000

    Pew Research Center

    English proficiency of Indian population in the U.S., 2015

    Category English proficient
    All 80%
    U.S. born 95%
    Foreign born 74%
    Adults 77%
    All Asians 70%

    Pew Research Center

    Length of time in the U.S. for Indian immigrants, 2000-2015

    • All Indian immigrants
    • All Asian immigrants

    Educational attainment of Indian population in the U.S., 2015

    Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
    All 17% 10% 32% 40%
    U.S. born 12% 14% 33% 41%
    Foreign born 18% 10% 32% 40%
    All Asians 29% 20% 30% 21%
    All Americans 41% 29% 19% 11%

    Pew Research Center

    U.S. Indian population living in poverty, 2015

    Group All Americans All Asians All Indians
    All 15.1% 12.1% 7.5%
    U.S. born 14.7% 11.2% 8.1%
    Foreign born 17.8% 12.8% 7.3%

    Pew Research Center

    Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Indian population, 2015

    Metro area Indian population
    New York 666,000
    Chicago 214,000
    San Francisco 174,000
    San Jose, CA 165,000
    Washington, DC 158,000
    Los Angeles 153,000
    Dallas-Fort Worth 145,000
    Houston 125,000
    Philadelphia 108,000
    Atlanta 105,000

    Pew Research Center

    Demographic characteristics of U.S. Indian population, 2015

    % (unless otherwise noted)

    Among Indians in the U.S.
    All Asians
    in the U.S.
    All U.S. born Foreign born
    MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 32 11 39
    AGE
    Younger than 5 7 8 23 2
    5-17 18 17 42 5
    18-29 19 18 19 17
    30-39 16 22 9 28
    40-49 15 14 3 19
    50-64 16 13 2 18
    65+ 10 8 1 11
    NATIVITY
    U.S. born 41 31 - -
    Foreign born 59 69 - -
    YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
    0-5 years 20 - - 26
    6-10 years 14 - - 17
    11-15 years 13 - - 16
    16-20 years 11 - - 12
    21+ years 42 - - 29
    CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
    U.S. citizen 58 - - 50
    Not a U.S. citizen 42 - - 50
    MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
    Married 59 71 32 77
    Divorced/Separated/Widowed 12 7 5 7
    Never married 30 22 63 15
    FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
    Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 7 4 8
    HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
    Married-couple household 71 82 83 82
    Other family household 17 8 9 7
    Non-family household 12 10 8 11
    IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
    Multigenerational household 26 23 19 25

    Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Indians and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
    Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

    Pew Research Center

    Economic characteristics of U.S. Indian population, 2015

    % (unless otherwise noted)

    Among Indians in U.S.
    All Asians
    in the U.S.
    All U.S. born Foreign born
    MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $73,060 $100,000 $85,000 $100,001
    MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
    All $35,600 $58,000 $35,000 $60,000
    Full-time, year-round workers $51,000 $75,000 $62,000 $77,000
    EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
    Employed 61 65 58 66
    Not employed 4 4 6 3
    Not in labor force 35 32 36 31
    UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 6.0 5.4 8.8 4.8
    LIVING IN POVERTY
    All ages 12.1 7.5 8.1 7.3
    Younger than 18 12.0 6.2 5.6 9.0
    18-64 12.1 8.1 13.3 7.2
    65 and older 12.8 6.7 11.7 6.5
    HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
    Owner-occupied 57 55 49 55
    Renter-occupied 43 45 51 45

    Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Indians and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
    Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

    Pew Research Center

    Find out more

    Explore fact sheets on other Asian groups in the U.S.

    Read the methodology.

    The Asian American fact sheets were compiled by Gustavo López, research analyst, Anthony Cilluffo, research assistant, and Eileen Patten, former research analyst.