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Fact Sheet

September 8, 2017

Japanese in the U.S. Fact Sheet

    MORE FACT SHEETS: ASIANS IN THE U.S.

    Japanese population in the U.S., 2000-2015

    Year Population
    2000 1,149,000
    2010 1,304,000
    2015 1,411,000

    Pew Research Center

    English proficiency of Japanese population in the U.S., 2015

    Category English proficient
    All 84%
    U.S. born 97%
    Foreign born 51%
    Adults 83%
    All Asians 70%

    Pew Research Center

    Length of time in the U.S. for Japanese immigrants, 2000-2015

    • All Japanese immigrants
    • All Asian immigrants

    Educational attainment of Japanese population in the U.S., 2015

    Category High school or less Some college Bachelor's degree Postgrad degree
    All 23% 28% 32% 17%
    U.S. born 21% 30% 33% 16%
    Foreign born 27% 24% 32% 17%
    All Asians 29% 20% 30% 21%
    All Americans 41% 29% 19% 11%

    Pew Research Center

    U.S. Japanese population living in poverty, 2015

    Group All Americans All Asians All Japanese
    All 15.1% 12.1% 8.4%
    U.S. born 14.7% 11.2% 7.7%
    Foreign born 17.8% 12.8% 10.3%

    Pew Research Center

    Top 10 U.S. metropolitan areas by Japanese population, 2015

    Metro area Japanese population
    Honolulu 195,000
    Los Angeles 182,000
    San Francisco 65,000
    New York 59,000
    Seattle 52,000
    San Jose, CA 34,000
    San Diego 31,000
    Sacramento, CA 25,000
    Chicago 24,000
    Washington, DC 22,000

    Pew Research Center

    Demographic characteristics of U.S. Japanese population, 2015

    % (unless otherwise noted)

    Among Japanese in the U.S.
    All Asians
    in the U.S.
    All U.S. born Foreign born
    MEDIAN AGE (in years) 34 40 35 46
    AGE
    Younger than 5 7 6 7 2
    5-17 18 15 19 5
    18-29 19 15 18 9
    30-39 16 13 11 19
    40-49 15 14 11 21
    50-64 16 20 19 21
    65+ 10 17 15 23
    NATIVITY
    U.S. born 41 73 - -
    Foreign born 59 27 - -
    YEARS IN U.S. (among foreign born)
    0-5 years 20 - - 26
    6-10 years 14 - - 10
    11-15 years 13 - - 10
    16-20 years 11 - - 8
    21+ years 42 - - 46
    CITIZENSHIP (among foreign born)
    U.S. citizen 58 - - 32
    Not a U.S. citizen 42 - - 68
    MARITAL STATUS (18 and older)
    Married 59 52 47 63
    Divorced/Separated/Widowed 12 17 16 20
    Never married 30 30 37 17
    FERTILITY (among women ages 15 to 44)
    Women who have given birth in the past 12 months 6 5 4 6
    HOUSEHOLD TYPE, BY PERSONS
    Married-couple household 71 65 64 67
    Other family household 17 16 18 10
    Non-family household 12 19 18 23
    IN A MULTIGENERATIONAL HOUSEHOLD
    Multigenerational household 26 19 21 13

    Note: Family households are those with a household head and one or more persons living in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Households with a household head and an unmarried partner are only considered family households if there are other persons in the household who are related to the household head by birth, marriage or adoption. Multigenerational households are households with two or more adult generations or one that includes grandparents and grandchildren. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Japanese and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
    Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

    Pew Research Center

    Economic characteristics of U.S. Japanese population, 2015

    % (unless otherwise noted)

    Among Japanese in the U.S.
    All Asians
    in the U.S.
    All U.S. born Foreign born
    MEDIAN ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME $73,060 $74,000 $80,000 $60,000
    MEDIAN ANNUAL PERSONAL EARNINGS (ages 16 and older with positive earnings)
    All $35,600 $40,000 $40,000 $40,000
    Full-time, year-round workers $51,000 $55,050 $55,000 $60,000
    EMPLOYMENT STATUS (civilians ages 16 and older)
    Employed 61 58 61 52
    Not employed 4 3 3 1
    Not in labor force 35 39 36 46
    UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (civilians ages 16 and older in the labor force) 6.0 4.6 5.3 2.6
    LIVING IN POVERTY
    All ages 12.1 8.4 7.7 10.3
    Younger than 18 12.0 7.0 6.9 8.1
    18-64 12.1 9.3 8.7 10.7
    65 and older 12.8 6.9 5.2 9.8
    HOMEOWNERSHIP (households)
    Owner-occupied 57 63 70 48
    Renter-occupied 43 37 30 52

    Note: The household population excludes persons living in institutions, college dormitories and other group quarters. Households are classified by the race or detailed Asian group of the head. “Full-time, year-round workers” are defined as people ages 16 and older who usually worked at least 35 hours per week and at least 48 weeks in the past year. The share of the population ages 16 and older who are not employed differs from the unemployment rate because the share not employed is based on the total population, while the unemployment rate is based on those who are in the labor force (i.e. working or looking for work). Poverty status is determined for individuals in housing units and non-institutional group quarters. It is unavailable for children younger than 15 who are not related to the householder, people living in institutional group quarters and people living in college dormitories or military barracks. Due to the way in which the IPUMS assigns poverty values, these data will differ from those provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. Figures may not sum to 100% due to rounding. Figures for Japanese and all Asians based on mixed-race and mixed-group populations, regardless of Hispanic origin. See methodology for more detail.
    Source: Pew Research Center analysis of 2013-2015 American Community Survey (IPUMS).

    Pew Research Center

    Find out more

    Explore fact sheets on other Asian groups in the U.S.

    Read the methodology.

    The Asian American fact sheets were compiled by Gustavo López, research analyst, Anthony Cilluffo, research assistant, and Eileen Patten, former research analyst.