All Things Census


U.S. Hispanics by Country of Origin

The Pew Hispanic Center has released 10 statistical profiles of U.S. Hispanics by their country of origin, based on self-described family ancestry or place of birth in response to questions on the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.

Each statistical profile describes the demographic, employment and income characteristics of a Hispanic country-of-origin population residing in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. The country-of-origin groups include Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Salvadoran, Dominican, Guatemalan, Colombian, Honduran, Ecuadorian and Peruvian.


Nine Top Neighborhoods for 2010 Census Participation

A new analysis of 2010 Census participation rates finds that 22% of counties have exceeded their Census 2000 participation rates by at least five percentage points. As of April 20, so had two states–North Carolina and South Carolina.

The analysis by the Center for Urban Research at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York also found that nine census tracts nationwide had 100% mail participation rates. That means all households that received census forms in those tracts (each of which have about 4,000 residents) mailed them back. Nationally as of April 20, 71% of households turned in their forms.


2010 Census Participation Rate: 71%


Could Low Trust in Government Hurt the 2010 Census?

Only 22% of Americans say they can trust the government in Washington almost always or most of the time, among the lowest measures in half a century,  according to a new Pew Research Center survey. Could this pose problems for the Census Bureau as it tries to persuade Americans to participate in the 2010 Census?

The latest national mail participation rate, released April 16, is 69%. In 2000, 72% of households mailed back the census forms they received.


High Achieving Areas in the 2010 Census

At least 10% of the nation’s counties have exceeded their 2000 Census mail participation rates by at least five percentage points, according to a new analysis of 2010 Census response by the Center for Urban Research at the City University of New York Graduate Center. The analysis is based on Census Bureau participation rate data as of April 13.

The analysis also turned up the intriguing pattern that in the nation’s largest cities, the neighborhoods that have surpassed their 2000 participation rates also tend to have high “hard-to-count” scores, meaning that they had housing, demographic and socioeconomic variables correlated with poor response in the 2000 Census. The analysis suggested that this finding could reflect the intensive outreach and advertising campaigns aimed at these areas, or it could reflect their changing demographic characteristics.

Earlier this week, the Census Bureau noted that four states had surpassed their 2000 participation rates. Bureau officials have set a deadline of April 16 for households to mail back their forms in order not to be put on the list for a follow-up visit from a census-taker.


Tea Party Supporters: No 2010 Census Boycott

A New York Times/CBS poll of Tea Party supporters finds that this group “actually are just as likely as Americans as a whole to have returned their census forms, though some conservative leaders have urged a boycott.”  The survey results show that 97% say they will return their 2010 Census forms or already have; among the total population, 95% say so.

The national survey, conducted April 5-12, included a total sample of 1,580, of whom 881 were Tea Party supporters. According to the survey, 18% of Americans identify themselves as Tea Party supporters.


Prisoners and the 2010 Census: New Developments

Maryland has become the first state in the nation to make plans to count prisoners at their last known home addresses, not their prison addresses, for purposes of redrawing federal, state and local legislative districts.

Traditionally, when legislative and congressional districts are redrawn using census data, prisoners are included where they are incarcerated. But some state officials say that gives outsize power to rural areas where many prisons are located, at the expense of urban areas that often are prisoners’ homes.

The Census Bureau announced in February that it would release detailed numbers earlier than usual to give more power to states to use 2010 Census data to exclude prisoners from being counted at their prison locations for redistricting purposes. On Tuesday, Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley (D) signed legislation to count prisoners at their last known home address if they are held in state or federal prisons and were state residents before they were incarcerated.

Realistically, according to this Washington Post story, the law will have the most impact on local and state legislative boundaries because congressional districts are too large to be affected. Baltimore is expected to benefit the most from the change, but Western Maryland is expected to lose clout. Many legislators from rural areas opposed the bill.

The bill was praised in a New York Times editorial and by Prisoners of the Census, a blog run by the Prison Policy Initiative, an organization that has advocated for changing the way prisoners are counted using census data.


Census Participation Patterns Vary Among Large Cities

A new analysis of 2010 Census participation rates so far has found wide variation from one city to the next in the degree to which race and ethnic characteristics predict response rates.

Nationally, the analysis by the Center for Urban Research at the City University of New York Graduate Center found a consistent association between an area’s race and Hispanic makeup and its response rate so far. But in looking closely at the nation’s 67 largest cities, the analysis found many local exceptions to nationwide patterns.

For example, neighborhoods where a high share of the population is black tend to have below-average shares of households that have mailed back their census forms. That is even more likely in St. Louis and Boston, the analysis found, but the association is relatively weak in Houston and Atlanta, among others. Neighborhoods that are heavily white have above-average participation rates nationally, but in Honolulu, white neighborhoods have lower participation rates.

Nationally, areas with high Hispanic populations have had below-average response rates so far. But in Miami, Newark and New York, three cities with substantial Latino populations, “greater Hispanic populations tended to increase participation rates” at the census-tract, or neighborhood, level, the analysis concludes. Read more


News Coverage of the 2010 Census

Stories about the 2010 Census account for a growing — albeit small — fraction of U.S. news coverage, according to statistics compiled by the Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism.

For the week of March 29-April 4, stories about the census filled 2% of the “newshole,” which is the space and time devoted to print, online and broadcast news coverage as tracked by PEJ’s News Coverage Index. The 2010 Census ranked as the 14th largest story last week, a time period that included April 1, Census Day.

The top story last week was coverage of the U.S. economy, which filled 10% of the newshole; some of those stories noted that temporary hiring by the Census Bureau was one reason for recent gains in employment nationwide. In second place last week was the health care bill, at 9%, dropping from 45% the previous week.

The PEJ statistics track coverage of the 2010 Census each week starting Feb. 1-7. From then through last week, the 2010 Census accounted for 0.4% of total coverage, and it ranked only 37th among top stories. The census had its highest share of coverage last week. Read more


Who Is Participating in the 2010 Census and Who Isn’t?

Areas of the country that the Census Bureau has deemed “hard to count” have below-average response rates in the 2010 Census so far, according to a new analysis of participation rates by the Center for Urban Research at the City University of New York Graduate Center.

The bureau produced a score for every census tract in the country that predicts how hard it will be to get an accurate count of its residents. The score, which was based on housing, demographic and socioeconomic variables correlated with poor response in previous censuses, was intended to help the government and its partners target census-promotion efforts. It “seems to be a good predictor” of response rates, the analysis concludes.

The analysis also examines participation rates by geography and race, and reports that “a handful of counties already have exceeded their 2000 participation rates.”