All Things Census


Summary of the First Results from the 2010 Census

The proportion of children in the nation’s population is at an all-time low, according to a new analysis of important findings and trends from the first wave of 2010 Census data that has just been published by the Population Reference Bureau. Read more


A Less Frequent Census for New Zealand?

The New Zealand government, which conducts a national census every five years, is considering a change to taking a census every 10 years instead. According to news reports, Statistics Minister Maurice Williamson told a legislative committee that it might be easier and more sensible to switch to a 1o-year frequency. No decision has been made, he said. Read more


Using Census Data to Map Change

A growing number of organizations (including the Census Bureau) are producing census-based interactive maps that allow users to choose the level of geography, topic or time period they want to display. Interactive maps showing 2000-2010 race and ethnic population change at the neighborhood level for 10 large cities and their suburbs were launched recently by the Center for Urban Research at the CUNY Graduate Center. These maps–as well as others linked to below–are a vivid and dynamic way to show patterns of demographic change. Read more


Census Data on Unmarried Partners

A new Pew Research Center report on the economics of cohabitation uses American Community Survey (ACS) data to compare the financial well-being–in terms of household income–of adults ages 30-44 who are married, living with an unmarried opposite-sex partner, and living without a partner. Among the less-educated (adults without college degrees), cohabiters are less well off than married adults and barely better off than those without opposite-sex partners or spouses. Among the college-educated, cohabiters have higher household incomes than adults who are married or living without opposite-sex partners. Read more


Census 2010 News Stories: The Changing Family

The Census Bureau has begun rolling out Summary File 1 data that include detailed local-level numbers about people’s living arrangements, and much of the news coverage today focused on that topic. A sampling of the coverage: Nearly a quarter of California’s same-sex couples are raising children, according to the San Jose Mercury News. The share of “nuclear families” — that is, a married man and woman raising their children — has declined to 23.4% of California households, according to the Los Angeles Times. Read more


Comparing Puerto Ricans in Puerto Rico and in U.S. States

There are now more Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin living in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (4.6 million in 2010) than there are living in Puerto Rico (3.7 million), and Census Bureau data show there are notable differences between the two groups, according to a report from the Pew Hispanic Center. The recently released report, “A Demographic Portrait of Puerto Ricans, 2009,” used population counts from the 2010 Census and information about population characteristics from the American Community Survey. Read more


More Data on Mexicans and Other Hispanic-Origin Groups

The Pew Hispanic Center has just published a report, profiles and an interactive graphic about major Hispanic country-of-origin populations nationally and in the 30 metropolitan areas with the largest Latino populations. The data come from the 2009 American Community Survey, and are intended to supplement 2010 Census counts released today for the major Hispanic country-of-origin groups.

The report (PDF) by Mark Hugo Lopez and Daniel Dockterman summarizes the major findings from the 2010 Census about Hispanic country-of-origin groups, and offers metropolitan area population estimates for the largest  groups using estimates from the 2009 American Community Survey. For the 10 largest country-of-origin groups, national-level demographic profiles and an interactive ranking table use 2009 American Community Survey data to display nativity, language, marital status, fertility, educational attainment, income, poverty and homeownership, among other characteristics. Looking at nativity, for example, 69% of Hondurans are foreign-born, compared with 36% of Mexican-origin Hispanics. Read more


New 2010 Census Data on Age, Households and More

New data from the 2010 Census was released today by the Census Bureau, filling in details about age, household type, homeownership and more. The latest release was a demographic profile of the nation; similar profiles have been released for each of the states and the District of Columbia. Here is a sampling of the news coverage:

The New York Times and USA Today look at the statistics about marriage. The Times focuses on the fact that less than half of U.S. households consist of married couples. USA Today writes about the rising share of unmarried couples. (A recent Pew Research Center report explored statistics and attitudes about changes in U.S. family life.) Read more


Lifetime Earnings of College Graduates

What is the financial payoff to earning a college degree, and how does it differ by field of study? A new Pew Research Center analysis, using Census Bureau data, estimates that the typical adult with a bachelor’s degree (but no further education) will earn $1.42 million over a 40-year career, compared with $770,000 for a typical high school graduate. That $650,000 difference narrows somewhat, to $550,000, according to the analysis, after factoring in the expenses of going to college and the four years of potential earnings that college graduates give up while they are in school. Read more


The 2020 Census—Not Too Soon to Think About It

As numbers continue to pour out of the 2010 Census, the National Research Council recently made a number of recommendations about how to improve the next national count, in 2020. The council’s Panel to Review the 2010 Census has issued an interim report that recommends “the Census Bureau take an assertive, aggressive approach to 2020 planning rather than casting possibilities purely as hypothetical.”

The report urges the bureau to focus on four priority areas—re-engineering the census field data collection operation; providing multiple ways for people to fill out their forms, including online; exploring the complicated issue of using government records and other databases to improve census-taking; and continually updating its geographic databases rather than doing that only once a decade. Read more